King's College - Graduate - Course Descriptions

Course Description

Course Description

Reading Program Requirements and Electives


Curriculum and Instruction Program Core Requirements


Curriculum and Instruction Program Requirements for Concentration in PK-4 Elementary Education


Curriculum and Instruction Program Requirements for Concentration in English as a Second Language (ESL)


Curriculum and Instruction Program Requirements for Concentration in Mathematics Education


Curriculum and Instruction Program Requirements for Concentration in Science Education

Curriculum and Instruction Program Requirements for Concentration in Social Studies Education

Curriculum and Instruction Program Requirements for Concentration in Excellence in Teaching


Graduate Certificate in English as a Second Language-Requirements


Graduate Certificate: Excellence in Teaching-Requirements


Health Care Administration Program Requirements and Electives


Physician Assistant Program Requirements


Summer Session Prior to Admission into the Professional Phase


Reading Program Requirements and Electives

Educ 500 - Educational Research for Teachers (3 credits) | back to top
This course deals with understanding, developing, and utilizing data as applied to educational problems. The course will include an overview of quantitative and qualitative educational research. The major emphasis of the course will be teacher involvement in the action research process. This course is normally taken just before undertaking the Reading Research Project (Educ 575).

Educ 503 - Educational Statistics (3 credits) | back to top
Basic concepts of statistical reasoning and the underlying assumptions are presented. Analysis of variance is discussed. Designs for educational research are reviewed.

Educ 505 - ELL Adaptations (3 credits) | back to top
This course is designed to instruct reading specialists in the foundations, instructions, assessment, professionalism and culture of the E.L.L. student. It will introduce the prospective reading specialist to the current need for reading assistance for the E.L.L. student. Participants will explore the methods, strategies, research and resources to develop and implement ESL programs to help English Language Learners acquire both the English language and academic cognitive understandings and skills. Participants will design resource and teaching materials, implement them with their students, and provide reports to the class.

Educ 510 - Developmental Nature of Reading (3 credits) | back to top
The nature of literacy learning is explored from the perspective of children constructing meaning and being actively involved in their learning. The reading-writing relationship and authentic assessment procedures are stressed.

Educ 515 - Reading in the Content Area (3 credits) | back to top
The course emphasizes strategies that enhance a student's ability to understand content-area reading. Understanding the complexity of expository texts will be reviewed, along with techniques for improving vocabulary, comprehension, and study skills.

Educ 516 - Reading Disabilities: Diagnosis and Prescription (3 credits) | back to top
The course will review strategies for improving reading, writing, and study skills. Intervention based on assessment results to provide effective instruction will also be discussed. This course is the first half of the Reading practicum experience, which concludes with Educ 550.

Educ 517 - Organization, Administration, and Supervision of Reading Programs (3 credits) | back to top
The effectiveness of managing reading programs will be explored. The human resources, structural, economic, political, and symbolic relationships impacting on instruction will be examined. The organizational framework of actual settings and leadership styles will be analyzed.

Educ 518 - Computer Applications for Reading Instruction (3 credits) | back to top
This course explores how computer technology can be effectively used to support various theories of literacy instruction and learning. The course will provide hands-on opportunities to use and critique computer programs for use in reading programs. The course emphasizes effective integration of technology into teaching.

Educ 519 - Reading Instruction for the Exceptional Child (3 credits) | back to top
This course is designed to familiarize K-12 classroom teachers and reading specialists with children of varied exceptionalities, including behavioral disorders, learning disabilities, mental retardation, ADD/ADHD, and physical disabilities. While a theoretical base will be presented, the course will center around gathering useful pedagogical information from various sources that develop the literacy ability of these children and enhance instruction in all subject areas.

Educ 520 - The Writing Process K-12 (3 credits) | back to top
The course examines writing as a means of facilitating language development and learning. Practical means of implementing writing and the writing process into all aspects of the curriculum are examined, along with the reading-writing connection and writer's workshop. The goal of the course is to develop an understanding of the purpose for writing in K-12 classrooms.

Educ 521 - Alternative Assessment (3 credits) | back to top
This course considers alternative assessments for measuring performance, including portfolios, performance assessments, checklists, anecdotal records, and miscue analysis.

Educ 522 - Curriculum Development K-12 (3 credits) | back to top
This course examines the developmental nature of curriculum through elementary, middle, and secondary schools. Basic principles of curricular design are studied, as well as current curricular trends.

Educ 523 - Children's and Adolescent Literature in Reading Instruction (3 credits) | back to top
Students will survey the selection, evaluation, and utilization of literacy materials for children and adolescents. The course will focus upon the study of different literary genres, aesthetic and efferent responses to literature, and integrating literature into all curriculum areas.

Educ 524 - Seminar in Topics of Reading (3 credits) | back to top
This course examines current issues and trends in reading and literacy.

Educ 525 - Independent Study (3 credits) | back to top
Independent studies will be offered under special circumstance and will be designed with the program director. Permission required.

Educ 527 - Special Topics in Education (3 credits) | back to top
This course examines current issues in the field of education.

Educ 550 - Reading Clinic Practicum (3 credits) | back to top
The course is a clinic to implement instruction to improve a child's literacy abilities. The course provides for the application of the assessment and strategies discussed in Educ 516 and concludes the two-part Reading practicum experience. After working with a client, each student will write a report of the child's literacy ability, with a description of instruction, and recommend procedures for further assistance. Permission required.

Educ 575 - Reading Research Project (3 credits) | back to top
Each student will engage in a reading research project in an area of special interest. Upon completion of the project, students will write a professional-quality academic paper. Prerequisite: Educ 500. Permission required.


Curriculum and Instruction Program Core Requirements

Educ 580 - Curriculum Theory and Design (3 credits) | back to top

This course is designed to explore the developmental nature of curriculum in the elementary, middle and secondary school settings. Distinct theories will be explored as they relate to public, charter, private, and magnet schools. The interrelated nature of curriculum is stressed. In addition, the concepts of goals and objectives as they relate to the curriculum will be investigated. Current curricular trends will be studied, analyzed and evaluated using the principles of curriculum development discussed in the course.

Educ 582 - Current Issues and Trends in Education (3 credits) | back to top

This course will focus on an examination of contemporary issues in education and their historical perspectives. The development of school organizations and higher education; instructional programs and curricula; and the delivery systems and functions of education will be examined in light of contemporary issues.

Educ 584 - Interactive Learning (3 credits) | back to top

This course is designed to help students understand different key learning theories and their effective use in the design of accessible learning activities. Students will focus on the identification, design and development of classroom materials and lessons that involve technology. Ways to incorporate multimedia design and appropriate software into instructional methodology for the classroom will also be explored. Students will apply learning theory principles to develop model lessons using emerging technologies.

Educ 586 - Inclusionary Classroom Practices (3 credits) | back to top

This course will address the development, implementation, and monitoring of individualized management, instructional, curricular, and environmental strategies and adaptations for all students within a heterogeneous classroom, based upon the curriculum of the school. Pedagogical recommendations and research-based effective instruction methodology is emphasized on a needs-based model incorporating the cognitive, language, attentional, affective, physical and sensory needs of children.

Educ 590 - Educational Research Design (3 credits) | back to top

This course deals with understanding, developing, and utilizing data as applied to educational problems. Methodology and techniques of empirical educational research will be explored. Specific techniques of gathering and analyzing educational data will be explored. This course will include an overview of quantitative and qualitative educational research. Special emphasis will be placed upon the action research process.


Curriculum and Instruction Program Requirements for Concentration in PK-4 Elementary Education

Educ 510 - Developmental Nature of Reading (3 credits) | back to top

The nature of literacy learning is explored from the perspective of children constructing meaning and being actively involved in their learning. The reading-writing relationship and authentic assessment procedures are stressed.

Educ 625 - Instructional Materials, Technologies and their Development in the Elementary Classroom (3 credits) | back to top

This course is designed around the methods, strategies, research and resources that enable students to develop and implement programs to assist students in the language of and academic cognitive understanding and skills within the content area while understanding its impact upon the elementary curriculum. Graduate students design resource and teaching materials, implement them with their students, and provide reports to the class. Students also learn and practice adaptations of lesson content and present actual lesson activities within the structure of the course.

Educ 630 - Elementary Mathematics and Science Instruction (3 credits) | back to top

This course involves the study of the development of the elementary school child, the relationship between theory and practice, balancing traditional expectations with current concerns, and the selection and implementation of successful learning experiences in mathematics and science instruction. The curriculum within this area will concentrate on national and state standards as they apply to what is actually taught in the schools.

Educ 521 - Alternative Assessment (3 credits) | back to top

This course considers alternative assessments for measuring performance, including portfolios, performance assessments, checklists, anecdotal records, and the development of rubrics to measure the effectiveness of the curriculum. The alternative assessments will enhance the evaluation of a school's curriculum.

Educ 635 - Master's Project (3 credits) | back to top

A topic relevant to the teaching of elementary education in the classroom will be researched and/or conducted with the approval of the instructor. The topic of the research must be well documented in professional journals and studies. Upon completion of the project, the student will write a professional quality academic paper. Prerequisite: Educ 590. Permission required.


Curriculum and Instruction Program Requirements for Concentration in English as a Second Language (ESL)

Educ 600 - Second Language Acquisition (3 credits) | back to top

This course focuses on the grammar and structure of the English language including the components: phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, language function and discourse, and dialects. Theoretical perspectives of first and second language acquisition are examined with a pragmatic and sociolinguistic views relating relationships among language, culture, accent, identify, and public perceptions. Through an understanding of applied linguistics, linguistic challenges for language minority students are identified and research-based instructional strategies are reviewed and applied. Professional resources will be developed to foster collaboration with colleagues and the school/community. Fifteen (15) hours of field experience is required with this course.

Educ 605 - ESL Instruction: Theory and Practice (3 credits) | back to top

This course is designed to explore the methods, strategies, research and resources that enable the student to develop and implement ESL programs to support English Language Learners’ acquisition of the English language and academic cognitive under-standings and skills. The students design resources and teaching materials, implement them with their field experiences and provide reports to the class. The students learn, observe, and practice standards-based language proficiency leveled expectations of content lessons and assessments. Emphasis is placed on working with colleagues in their schools to develop resources and trainings facilitating collaboration from school to community to enable ESL students to develop social and academic cognitive English. Fifteen (15) hours of field experience is required with this course.

Educ 610 - ESL Assessment: Theory and Practice (3 credits) | back to top

This course emphasizes techniques for multiple formative and summative assessment administration, interpretation, and management. Testing accommodations and testing aligned with instruction, data, and English Language Proficiency level expectations to achieve benchmarks as required for annual measurable achievement objectives will be developed. Strategies for sharing student progress and appropriate assessment practices with families and colleagues will be reviewed. Fifteen (15) hours of field experience is required.

Educ 615 - Dimensions of Culture (3 credits) back to top

In this course, cultural and linguistic dimensions of culture are addressed within the mosaic of groups immigrating to the United States analyzing the “melting pot” and “salad bowl” perspectives of assimilation and acculturation. The analyses focus on the view of culture as a dynamic and multilayered system of symbolic resources impacting individuals’ identify, values, and behaviors in varying degrees. Participants will develop an awareness of their own cultural identify and its impact on cultural and educational expectations. Participants will develop strategies to collaborate with colleagues and culturally and linguistically diverse families to better understand the deep and invisible dimensions of culture in the classroom and the target language community. Fifteen (15) hours of field experience is required with this course.

Educ 620 - Master's Project (3 credits) | back to top

A topic relevant to the teaching of English as a Second Language in the classroom will be researched and/or conducted with the approval of the instructor. The topic of the research should be well documented in professional journals and studies. Upon completion of the project, the student will write a professional quality academic paper. Prerequisite: Educ 590. Permission required.


Curriculum and Instruction Program Requirements for Concentration in Mathematics Education

Educ 640 - Mathematics Curriculum and Instruction (3 credits) | back to top

This course will focus on curriculum development and implementation using the National and Pennsylvania Standards. Students will learn to plan, execute and evaluate standards-driven mathematics experiences in the classroom. Students will work together to explore the way children develop mathematical ideas. Current developments in mathematics education will be addressed.

Educ 642 - Mathematics Instructional Materials, Technologies and their Development (3 credits) | back to top

This course is designed around the mathematics methods, strategies, research and resources that enable students to develop and implement mathematics programs, to assist students in the language of and academic cognitive understanding and skills within the content area while understanding its impact upon the mathematics curriculum. Graduate students design resource and teaching materials, implement them with their students, and provide reports to the class. Students also learn and practice adaptations of lesson content and present actual lesson activities within the structure of the course.

Educ 644 - Advanced Studies in Mathematics (3 credits) | back to top

This course is designed to further the skills of the student in the field of mathematics curriculum. Students will explore contemporary models and in particular the newest advancements within mathematics through books, news magazines, newspapers, and the internet. Emphasis will be placed on a mathematics literate population who are able to solve problems, and can function as critical thinkers. Ethical issues involving mathematics and technology will be discussed.

Educ 647 - Assessment in Mathematics (3 credits) | back to top

A variety of assessment techniques, especially applicable to hands-on, mind-on will be presented that will assist in the evaluation of the student and the curriculum. The focus will be on developing and adapting authentic assessment for all learners of mathematics. The statistical portion of this course will introduce commonly used statistical methods that a teacher may employ to analyze instructional, local and state assessments for differentiation of instruction and improved student performance. Topics will include data analysis, calculation and interpreting data for use in decisions about the cause-and-effect relationships of instruction.

Educ 650 - Master's Project (3 credits) | back to top

A topic relevant to the teaching of mathematics in the classroom will be researched and/or conducted with the approval of the instructor. The topic of the research must be well documented in professional journals and studies. Upon completion of the project, the student will write a professional quality academic paper. Prerequisite: Educ 590. Permission required.


Curriculum and Instruction Program Requirements for Concentration in Science Education

Educ 660 - Science Curriculum and Instruction (3 credits) | back to top

This course will focus on curriculum development and implementation using the National and Pennsylvania Standards. Students will learn to plan, execute and evaluate standards driven Science experiences in the classroom. Students will work together to explore the way children develop mathematical ideas. Current developments in Science education will be addressed.

Educ 662 - Science Instructional Materials, Technologies and their Development (3 credits) | back to top

This course is designed around the science methods, strategies, research and resources that enable students to develop and implement science programs, to assist students in the language of and academic cognitive understanding and skills within the content area while understanding its impact upon the science curriculum. Graduate students design resource and teaching materials, implement them with their students, and provide reports to the class. Students also learn and practice adaptations of lesson content and present actual lesson activities within the structure of the course

Educ 664 - Advanced Studies in Science (3 credits) | back to top

This course is designed to further the skills of the student in the field of science curriculum. Students will explore contemporary models and in particular the newest advancements within science through books, news magazines, newspapers, and the internet. Emphasis will be placed on a science-literate population that is able to solve problems and can function as critical thinkers. Ethical issues involving science and technology will be discussed.

Educ 667 - Assessment in Science (3 credits) | back to top

A variety of assessment techniques, especially applicable to hands-on, mind-on will be presented that will assist in the evaluation of the student and the curriculum. The focus will be on developing and adapting authentic assessment for all learners of science. The statistical portion of this course will introduce commonly used statistical methods that a teacher may employ to analyze instructional, local and state assessments for differentiation of instruction and improved student performance. Topics will include data analysis, calculation and interpreting data for use in decisions about the cause-and-effect relationships of instruction.

Educ 670 - Master's Project (3 credits) | back to top

A topic relevant to the teaching of science in the classroom will be researched and/or conducted with the approval of the instructor. The topic of the research must be well documented in professional journals and studies. Upon completion of the project, the student will write a professional quality academic paper. Prerequisite: Educ 590. Permission required.


Curriculum and Instruction Program Requirements for Concentration in Social Studies Education

Educ 680 - Social Studies Curriculum and Instruction (3 credits) | back to top

This course will focus on curriculum development and implementation using the National and Pennsylvania Standards. Students will learn to plan, execute and evaluate standards-driven social studies experiences in the classroom. Students will work together to explore the way children develop social studies ideas. Current developments in social studies education will be addressed.

Educ 682 - Social Studies Instructional Materials, Technologies and their Development (3 credits) | back to top

This course is designed around the social studies methods, strategies, research and resources that enable students to develop and implement science programs, to assist students in the language of and academic cognitive understanding and skills within the content area while understanding its impact upon the social studies curriculum. Graduate students design resource and teaching materials, implement them with their students, and provide reports to the class. Students also learn and practice adaptations of lesson content and present actual lesson activities within the structure of the course.

Educ 684 - Advanced Studies in Social Studies (3 credits) | back to top

This course is designed to further the skills of the student in the field of social studies curriculum. Students will explore contemporary models and in particular the newest advancements within social studies through books, news magazines, newspapers, and the internet. Emphasis will be placed on a social studies-literate population that is able to solve problems and can function as critical thinkers. Ethical issues involving social studies will be discussed. Two areas to be emphasized will be teaching world history and the history of the United States.

Educ 687 - Assessment in Social Studies (3 credits) | back to top

A variety of assessment techniques, especially applicable to social studies will be presented that will assist in the evaluation of the student and the curriculum. The focus will be on developing and adapting authentic assessment for all learners of social studies. The statistical portion of this course will introduce commonly used statistical methods that a teacher may employ to analyze instructional, local and state assessments for differentiation of instruction and improved student performance.

Educ 690 - Master's Project (3 credits) | back to top

A topic relevant to the teaching of social studies in the classroom will be researched and/or conducted with the approval of the instructor. The topic of the research must be well documented in professional journals and studies. Upon completion of the project, the student will write a professional quality academic paper. Prerequisite: Educ 590. Permission required.

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Curriculum and Instruction Program Requirements for Concentration in Excellence in Teaching

Educ 530 - Standards Aligned System (SAS) | back to top

See below under Excellence in Teaching Graduate Certificate Program.

Educ 532 - Assessment | back to top

See below under Excellence in Teaching Graduate Certificate Program.

Educ 536 - Literacy in the Content Are | back to top

See below under Excellence in Teaching Graduate Certificate Program.

Educ 537 - Classroom Set-up and Management | back to top

See below under Excellence in Teaching Graduate Certificate Program.

Educ 538 - Differentiating Instruction | back to top

See below under Excellence in Teaching Graduate Certificate Program.

Educ 539 - Exceptional Learners: Gifted and Special Education | back to top

See below under Excellence in Teaching Graduate Certificate Program.

Educ 540 - School Law for Today's Teacher | back to top

See below under Excellence in Teaching Graduate Certificate Program.

Educ 541 - Developing Collaboration with Parents | back to top

See below under Excellence in Teaching Graduate Certificate Program.

Educ 542 - ELL Learners | back to top

See below under Excellence in Teaching Graduate Certificate Program.

Educ 535 - Master's Project | back to top

A topic relevant to excellence in teaching in the classroom will be researched and/or conducted with the approval of the instructor. The topic of the research must be well documented in professional journals and studies. Upon completion of the project, the student will write a professional quality academic paper. Prerequisite: Educ 590. Permission required.


Graduate Certificate in English as a Second Language-Requirements

Educ 600 - Basics of English Grammar, First and Second Language Acquisition and Instructional Strategies for Second Language Acquisition (3 credits) | back to top
This course focuses on the grammar and structure of the English language including the components: lexical, syntactical, phonological and morphological and semantic. Theoretical perspectives of first and second language acquisition are examined. Students develop activities to demonstrate selected instructional strategies and theoretical acquisition perspectives.

Educ 601 - ESL Clinical Field Practicum (3 credits) | back to top

The course is a clinical field practicum for 15 weeks to meet the 60 hours of field experience required for the Pennsylvania ESL Program Specialist Certificate. This 60 hours of field experience (Educ 601) includes experience with a certified ESL Program specialist in a public school setting as well as community activities to meet the ESL Program Specialist competencies. Activities will be documented in a portfolio format and monitored by a King’s College supervisor who holds an ESL Program Specialist certificate. The semester long field experience will underscore the coursework by providing opportunities for practical application of theory and feedback from the practicing ESL Program Specialist as well as the King’s College supervisor.

Educ 605 - Instructional Materials, Technologies and Their Development (3 credits) | back to top
This course is designed around the methods, strategies, research and resources that enable students to develop and implement an ESL program, to help English Language Learners acquire English language and academic cognitive understanding and skills. Students design resource and teaching materials, implement them with their students, and provide reports to the class. Emphasis is placed on working with colleagues in schools, to help them understand that they, as well as ESL teachers, must adapt and modify content/lessons to enable ESL students to develop social and academic cognitive English.

Educ 610 - Assessment and Evaluation of Student, Program, Instruction, Family Involvement and Support Services (3 credits) | back to top
This course emphasizes multiple assessment models to determine English language performance and proficiency. Models include: paper and pencil tests, authentic assessment, and conferencing evaluation methods. Emphasis is placed on linking instruction with assessment results using individual and small group activities. Students design an ESL Unit to be implemented with ESL students in their classrooms. Additional ways of assisting families to participate in their children's learning are examined. Finally, the ESL placement and annual state tests mandated by the Pennsylvania Department of Education (PDE) are examined.

Educ 615 - Cultural and Linguistic Diversities, Approaches and Collaborative Methods for Developing Cultural Awareness (3 credits) | back to top
In this course, cultural and linguistic diversities are examined through the mosaic of groups immigrating to the United States. The analyses focus on: time period of immigration, reasons for immigrating, and differences among immigrating groups in education, occupation, religion, native language, ESL mode or type used with these groups, and other variables. Methods of working with culturally and linguistically diverse families and ways to collaborate with them and their needs are examined.

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Excellence in Teaching Certificate Program Requirements

Educ 530 - Standards Aligned System (SAS) | back to top

This course will focus on the Pennsylvania Standards Aligned System (SAS) curriculum alignment framework. Each of the six SAS circles will be examined: Clear Standards, Curriculum Framework, Fair Assessments, Interventions, Instruction, and Materials/Resources. Class participants will learn how the six circles of SAS relate to student achievement in their classrooms, interacting with the SAS website to realign curriculum, understand the impact and uses of the Classroom Diagnostic Tests, and the free interactive curriculum mapping tools embedded in the website. Other topics will include the "Understanding by Design" curriculum framework and the relationship between SAS and the resiliency model. This course will educate in-service teachers on how to utilize the PDE Standards Aligned Systems website.

Educ 532 - Assessment | back to top

This course will discuss the various data sources used with the PSSA reports, as well as the data of local assessment tests. Using this data, participants will determine root causes and develop instructional strategies to address those causes. Participants will be introduced to SAS, as well as many PDE tools. The course will also incorporate other educational researchers methodology aimed at teaching students to understand their subject area. This course is designed for teachers in grades K-12 and will help them construct lesson plans that are data-driven. Participants will be asked to complete an action plan.

Educ 536 - Literacy in the Content Area | back to top

This course is designed to help teachers improve the reading skills students need to comprehend and apply concepts in the content areas. Participants will learn strategies that will better enable them to foster and assess reading, writing, thinking and study skills throughout all content areas, to improve students' vocabulary and comprehension. Additional techniques will cover areas such as retention, readability measures, note-taking methods, informal reading inventories, and specific skills needed for studying content area material.

Educ 537 - Classroom Set-up and Management | back to top

This course will focus on classroom set-up that minimizes disruptive behavior and increases student learning in the classroom. Effective classroom management strategies that meet the needs of all students will be examined. Practical methods for altering unproductive student behavior will be stressed. Participants will identify ways of creating a positive learning environment that will enable them to effectively solve problems and correct misbehavior. They will also develop an individual behavior plan that can be used to develop new behavioral skills.

Educ 538 - Differentiating Instruction | back to top

This course is designed to assist beginning teachers in gaining a better understanding of differentiating instruction for all students in Pre K-12 classrooms. Learners who have physical, mental, emotional, behavioral, or learning disabilities or who are English language learners can be successful in the classroom when teaching strategies and technologies are differentiated to the needs of these students. Pedagogical, curricular, and social considerations involved in educating learners with diverse learning needs in the general education classroom will be addressed, along with strategies for collaborating with parents, regular and special educators, para-professionals, and other individuals in the educational program.

Educ 539 - Exceptional Learners: Gifted and Special Education | back to top

Exceptional learners have become a majority in the current classroom. Teachers must know the laws and regulations associated with both special education and gifted education, including mandates, vocabulary, assistive services, and disability distinctions. This course will give an in-depth under-standing of IDEA, PA Chapters 14 and 16, current case law, and the true meaning of continuum of services. It will look at least-restrictive environment and recent court decisions. The class will help with differentiating instruction and reaching all learners. Finally, the class will interact with legal experts, parent advocates, and professionals in the field.

Educ 540 - School Law for Today's Teacher | back to top

This course will give teachers the information necessary to remain in compliance with federal and state law affecting educators in regular education, gifted education, and special education. Topics will include constitutional rights, curriculum law, social media, student records, disciplinary policies, and policy making. Inclusionary practices, the IEP process, teacher participation in the IEP process, and educational liability will also be discussed. This course will use a case-study approach to explore, debate and apply content to everyday workplace settings.

Educ 541 - Developing Collaboration with Parents | back to top

Parents are an often neglected part of a child's education. As educators, teachers need to develop positive communication and collaboration with parents as they attempt to educate all students. Through the use of video and discussion, this course provides parents and educators with insight into the Toxic Culture facing our youth today and how to avoid common pitfalls. Topics include: drug and alcohol use, violence, pre-mature and promiscuous sex, lack of accountability and character issues.

Educ 542 - ELL Learners | back to top

This course is designed to instruct students in the foundations, instructions, assessment, professionalism and culture of the E.L.L. student. This course will explore the methods, strategies, research and resources that enable the student to develop and implement ESL programs to help English Language Learners acquire English language and academic cognitive understandings and skills. The students design resource and teaching materials, implement them with their students, and provide reports to the class. The students learn and practice adaptations of lesson content. These adaptations and modifications of content/activities focus on regular and ESL classrooms. Emphasis is placed on working with colleagues in their schools, to help them understand that they, as well as ESL teachers, must adapt and modify content/lessons to enable ESL students to develop social and academic cognitive English.


Health Care Administration Program Requirements and Electives

HCA 500 - Introduction to Health Services Systems (3 credits) | back to top
This course is designed as a comprehensive introduction to the organization of the U.S. health care "system." It examines the major institutions, professions, and political forces that influence the provision of health care services in the United States. Students explore the development of each major component of the medical care system from an historical perspective by examining the changes in their organization and role over time. They also consider the major problems presently confronting each aspect of health care and discuss alternative means of resolving these issues for the future.

HCA 501 - Health Policy (3 credits) | back to top
This course introduces the student to current major issues in health policy. This course discusses the politics of health policy in terms of legislation at both the state and federal level. Key forces such as power development, special interest groups, economics and cost benefit analysis are discussed. Major policy issues that are reviewed include managed care, public health, Medicare and Medicaid, technology assessment, and population-based medicine.

HCA 502 - Human Resources Management (3 credits) | back to top
This course surveys the activities and decision-making functions of the human resources manager, including personnel planning, recruitment, interviewing, training and development, compensation practices, benefits administration, maintaining personnel records, employee communication, labor relations and succession planning, with an emphasis on the legal dimensions of these various activities. Attention is also drawn to the professional and legal responsibilities of the individual manager or team leader in matters such as employee rights, privacy, sexual harassment, discrimination in the workplace, employee evaluations, workers' compensation and recruitment of personnel. This comprehensive review occurs from the unique perspective of the health services organization.

HCA 504 - Health Care Economics (3 credits) | back to top
This course is an in-depth study of the major topics in health care economics. The course examines the production, cost, and financing of health care services, delivery mechanisms and their effects, health labor markets and professional training, and use of economic evaluation tools (cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit analyses) in making decisions about allocation of scarce resources. Students comprehend the essential economic concepts, critically review relevant research evidence, and consider the policy implications for the various interest groups in both private and public sector.

HCA 505 - Epidemiology for Health Care Managers (3 credits) | back to top
This course is an in-depth study of the distribution and determinants of health, disease, and disability in human populations. Specific topics include: descriptive and analytical epidemiology, community assessment, and study design. Case studies that involve all of the tools of epidemiology are utilized. The student becomes aware of the uses of epidemiology in population-based medicine and managerial decision making.

HCA 507 - Health Care Financial Management (3 credits) | back to top
This course introduces both the theory and concepts behind financial decision making in the health services industry. The primary goal of this course is to provide an operational knowledge of financial management theory and concepts. Students will be given the opportunity to apply these ideas to real-world healthcare business settings and to use spreadsheet analyses to help make better financial decisions. It is strongly recommended that students take HCA 541 before taking this course.

HCA 511 - Quantitative Business Methods for Health Care (3 credits) | back to top
This course focuses on the development and use of statistical analysis in health care. Students are introduced to the essential definitions, concepts, and tools of statistical analysis and Excel statistical functions. Students will use their knowledge of statistics and Excel to identify and run appropriate statistical tests based on the goal(s) of the analysis and data availability. Statistical tests covered include chi-square, t-test, analysis of variance, regression, and Logit. The goal of the course is to improve policy and administrative decision-making in health care settings using statistical techniques.

HCA 521 - Community Health Administration (3 credits) | back to top
This course examines community health initiatives designed to protect and advance the general health of the public. Topics to be covered include: history of public health, epidemiology, community assessment, public health management, health education, child health programs, communicable and chronic diseases, environmental health, and the future of the public health. Particular attention is paid to partnering with managed care organizations in order to acquire needed resources.

HCA 531 - Understanding Organizational Ethics (3 credits) | back to top
This course is designed to expose graduate students to the kinds of moral problems they will encounter as professionals in their functional areas. The focus of the course is policy formulation and implementation, with emphasis placed on the ethical dimensions and ramifications of that process. A series of current corporate case problems is reviewed and discussed in order to raise some of the major ethical issues involved in managing the organization's relationships with its many publics.

HCA 541 - Managerial Accounting for Health Care Administration (3 credits) | back to top
This course is intended to provide an overview of the subject of accounting. Students will learn financial and managerial accounting concepts with an emphasis on contemporary management control theory as applied in the health services industry. The course begins with the characteristics of the management control function. It then examines the nature and purpose of financial statements and introduces fund accounting. The course concludes with coverage of full cost accounting, the measurement and use of differential costs, and pricing decisions.

HCA 570 - Topics In Health Care Administration (3 credits) | back to top
This course is an in-depth review of the most current issues and problems facing the health care industry and those who deal with it.

HCA 571 - Health Care Marketing (3 credits) | back to top
This course provides a survey of marketing concepts as applied to health services organizations. An examination of marketing strategies useful in the delivery of health care services is provided to students. Special attention will be focused on market research, pricing, targeting a market, new product development, innovation, and the development of a marketing plan.

HCA 572 - Health Law (3 credits) | back to top
This course will explore the legal aspects of the health care environment. Particular emphasis will be placed on the court system's effect on the health care executive. Topics to be discussed include the following: medical negligence, employment/agency relationships, prolongation of life, patients' rights, and corporate liability.

HCA 573 - Health Care Information Systems (3 credits) | back to top
An introduction to information and its key role in the effective functioning and management of health care organizations. The course provides students with sufficient background on fundamental terminology pertaining to computer hardware and operating systems to communicate effectively with technical personnel. It explores clinical-care and administrative application of the computers in health services delivery.

HCA 575 - Health Promotion (3 credits) | back to top
This course explores the various methods of delivering messages related to good health habits. The development, implementation, and evaluation of health messages will be discussed. Health education and promotional strategies will be outlined, in addition to the evaluation of various case studies of successful health communication programs

HCA 576 - Operations Management in Health Care (3 credits) | back to top

This course provides an in-depth understanding of the essential concepts, tools, and strategies in operations research and their application to health care. The course focuses on the use of quantitative methods to address complex operational issues and realistic problems, with the ultimate goal of ensuring improved system effectiveness and efficiency. Main topics covered include break-even analysis, demand forecasting, linear programming, and project and inventory management, and quality control.

HCA 591 - Directed Study in Health Care Administration (3 credits) | back to top
This course allows the student the opportunity to pursue the study of special interest under the direction of a faculty member. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor.


HCA 595 - Leadership and Executive Skills For Health Care Managers (3 credits) | back to top
This course focuses on a value-added and process-centered method of goal attainment. Topics include leadership theories, culture, human resources management, contingency and transformational theories, communication skills, mentorship, and team building and change theories.

HCA 596 - Leadership for Quality Management in Health Care (3 credits) | back to top
This course integrates all of the major components covered in the core courses. Students will take the various competencies they have acquired and learn how to apply them to real-life cases involving applications of leadership and quality total management in health care delivery systems. Topics include: leadership theories, culture building, relationship management, contingency and transformational theories, communication skills, change management, conflict management, mentorship, and team building. This is the capstone course; it is usually taken as the final course in the program.


HCA 599 - Health Care Administration Internship (3 or 6 credits) | back to top
Provides students with administrative experience in a health service agency. Internship with a health-care facility may be substituted for one elective course. The internship is coordinated through the Office of Career Planning (described above). Permission of the director of the Health Care Administrative Program is required.


Physician Assistant Program Requirements

PA 451C - Medical Terminology (Independent-Study Course)
A self-study learning module on medical terms and vocabulary for PA students. Students are required to complete the programmed text prior to the beginning of the fall semester of the professional phase. This course grade is calculated into the Anatomy & Physiology module grade for the fall semester.

PA 451 - Physical Diagnosis I
Students are taught how to elicit and properly record a complete medical history. Students are then taught how to perform a complete physical examination and how to integrate and interpret findings in such a way that they may determine the next diagnostic and therapeutic step. Communication skills and professionalism are also addressed.

PA 553 - Clinical Medicine I
A comprehensive study of diseases with emphasis on etiology, pathophysiology, signs and symptoms, diagnostic procedures, and therapeutic measures involved in treating medical conditions. Topics include EENT, Dermatology, OB/GYN, etc.

PA 473 - Diagnostic Methods I
Students are instructed how to order and interpret diagnostic tests used in evaluating medical problems. During the fall semester both laboratory medicine and medical imaging are explored.

PA 475 - Behavioral Sciences I
Students are exposed to many facets of behavioral sciences as they relate to medicine. Areas explored include medical ethics, medical anthropology, and medical interviewing and documentation.

PA 581 - Basic Medical Science I
This course encompasses topics that are essential to the practice of medicine, including medical pharmacology, human anatomy and physiology, with cadaver laboratory, and PA seminar.

PA 454 - Clinical Medicine II
A continuation of Clinical Medicine I. Topics include pediatrics, gastroenterology, endocrinology, and neurology.

PA 564 - Specialty Medicine I
Emphasis is on the etiology, pathophysiology, and clinical signs and symptoms of disease in medical subspecialty areas. Topics include pulmonology, urology, cardiology I and infectious diseases.

PA 474 - Diagnostic Methods II
This course is a continuation of Diagnostic Methods I and includes electro-cardiology and the completion of the physical assessment.

PA 482 - Basic Medical Sciences II
A continuation of Basic Medical Sciences I, including behavioral medicine and Pharmacology II.

PA 500 - Specialty Medicine II
A continuation of Specialty Medicine I, with topics such as emergency medicine, surgery, cardiology II, orthopedics and OSCEs.

PA 510 - Research Methodology
Students are taught the basic methodologies related to research and how to critically evaluate medical literature. Students will also learn the basic principles of evidence-based medicine and how to utilize current medical research to justify the treatment of medical conditions.


Summer Session Prior to Admission into the Professional Phase

MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY (INDEPENDENT COURSE)
A self-study learning module on medical terms and vocabulary for prospective PA students. Students are required to complete the programmed text prior to the beginning of the fall semester of the professional phase. This course grade is calculated into PA 451 Physical Diagnosis I grade for the fall semester.

PROFESSIONAL (DIDACTIC) PHASE
PA 451 — Physical Diagnosis I

Students are taught how to elicit and properly record a complete medical history. Students are then taught how to perform a complete physical examination and how to integrate and interpret findings in such a way that they may determine the next diagnostic and therapeutic step. Communication skills and professionalism are also addressed.

PA 553 — Clinical Medicine I
A comprehensive study of diseases with emphasis on etiology, pathophysiology, signs and symptoms, diagnostic procedures, and therapeutic measures involved in treating medical conditions. Topics include EENT, Dermatology, OB/GYN, etc.

PA 473 — Diagnostic Methods I
Students are instructed how to order and interpret diagnostic tests used in evaluating medical problems. During the fall semester both laboratory medicine and medical imaging are explored.

PA 475 — Behavioral Sciences I
Students are exposed to many facets of behavioral sciences as they relate to medicine. Areas explored are, medical ethics, medical anthropology, and medical interviewing and documentation.

PA 581 — Basic Medical Science I
This course is encompassing topics that are essential aspects to the practice of medicine. Areas of study include medical pharmacology, human anatomy and physiology with cadaver laboratory, and PA seminar.

PA 454 — Clinical Medicine II
A continuation of Clinical Medicine I. Topics include pediatrics, gastroenterology, endocrine, and neurology

PA 564 — Specialty Medicine I
Emphasis is on the etiology, pathophysiology, and clinical signs and symptoms of disease in medical subspecialty areas. Topics include pulmonology, urology, cardiology I and infectious disease.

PA 474 — Diagnostic Methods II
This course is a continuation of Diagnostic Methods I including electro-cardiology and the completion of the physical assessment.

PA 482 — Basic Medical Sciences II
A continuation of Basic Medical Sciences I, including behavioral medicine and Pharmacology II.

PA 500 — Specialty Medicine II
A continuation of Specialty Medicine I with topics such as emergency medicine, surgery, cardiology II, orthopedics, and OSCEs.

PA 510 — Research Methodology
Students are taught the basic methodologies related to research and how to critically evaluate medical literature. Students will also learn the basic principles of evidence-based medicine and how to utilize current medical research to justify the treatment of medical conditions.

Professional (Clinical) Phase
CLINICAL ROTATIONS AND PRECEPTORSHIP
PA 511 Clinical Rotation I (6)
PA 515 Clinical Rotation II (6)
PA 520 Clinical Rotation III (7)
PA 525 Clinical Rotation IV (7)
PA 530 Clinical Rotation V (7)
PA 535 Clinical Rotation VI (7)
PA 540 Clinical Rotation VII (4)
PA 545 Primary Care Preceptorship (8)
PA 554 Masters Research Project (4)
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